There are two main types of cannabinoid compounds in marijuana that have an effect on the body. One (THC) is psychoactive, and the other (CBD) is not. Modern technology has allowed us to separate them entirely or offer a product with combined effects in controlled amounts. This results in products with THC and CBD ratios in differing amounts. Here’s a guide to understanding more about THC and CBD ratios and how to determine what may be right for you.
Difference between THC and CBD
Before diving into THC and CBD ratios, it’s important to understand just what the differences are between THC and CBD. THC is the compound in cannabis that gets you “high” and has psychoactive effects. CBD is non-psychoactive, and actually can help counteract or balance out the psychoactive effects of THC.
This is especially helpful for people who experience anxiety when consuming THC, as an additional dose of CBD can help lessen that side effect. CBD is also widely used in topical applications for muscle and joint pain, and as tinctures for more controlled medicinal use. Both CBD and THC can be smoked and vaped, as well as ingested via edibles.
What ratios mean
You might see cannabis products labeled with a ratio describing how much THC and CBD are in them. This ratio uses CBD as the first number and THC as the second number. An easy way to remember is this: the higher the ratio, the less “high” you will feel from it.
For example, a product labeled as 1:1 has a ratio of 1 part THC to 1 part CBD. A product labeled 0:1 has no CBD mixed in and only has THC, while a product labeled 1:0 has all CBD and no THC mixed in, and therefore should not produce the psychoactive effects associated with THC.
Products that are labeled 1:9 or greater are considered high THC products. These types of products have been shown to be helpful for such ailments as migraines, nausea, pain and insomnia. Products with ratios of 2:1 to 4:1 are primarily CBD-based, and therefore produce less psychoactive effects.
Products with a ratio of 10:1 to 25:1 have the lowest amount of psychoactive effects. These products will help your body make the most out of the healing properties of CBD while avoiding the “high” feeling of THC.
While each compound can be separated entirely, the effects are strongest from each when consumed together. This is called the “entourage effect.”
What ratio is best?
Determining what THC and CBD ratio is best for you depends on what you’re looking for. If you’re looking to get the medicinal and therapeutic benefits of cannabis without feeling like you’re in an altered state, a product with a high ratio of CBD is probably what you’re looking for. On the other hand, if you’re mostly interested in the psychoactive effects of cannabis, a higher ratio of THC is what you should be shopping around for.
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